The PCIM Europe is the world's leading exhibition and conference for power electronics, intelligent motion, What to look forward to at the PCIM Europe . Feb 25, The fact that Parliament's proposal would fix the Netherlands with another dimension of the election campaign will be largely synthetic;. Aug 13, European elections In the Netherlands, parties in the ECR receive 12% of the vote share form unders, 9% higher than full poll.
Historically, parties had the option of forming an electoral alliance lijstverbinding , in which case they would participate in the above calculations as one party and therefore increase their chance of being assigned residual seats.
The allocation of those seats among the parties within a lijstverbinding was, however, done using the largest remainder method , which is more favourable toward smaller parties rather than the bigger ones if there is a considerable difference in size.
But the overall advantage was greatest for small parties of comparable size. The option of forming a lijstverbinding was abolished in After seats are allocated to the parties, candidates have to be assigned to the seats.
For the purpose of general elections, the Netherlands is divided into twenty electoral districts. Parties can present different lists in each district.
In theory, a party can place different candidates on each of the 20 different lists. However, it is usual that at least the candidate ranked first on the list is the same person throughout the country.
It is even quite common that parties use the same list in every district, or vary only the last five candidates per district.
Usually these five candidates are locally well known politicians, parties hope to attract extra votes with these candidates.
However, because of their low position on the list, chances are low that these local candidates are elected. The first step in the process of assigning people to the seats is calculating how many seats each of the different lists of a party gets, by adding the number of votes on each of the different lists together.
If a party used the same list in more than one electoral district, these lists are seen as one list. Seat assignment to the different lists is done by using the largest remainder method.
These candidates are declared elected independent of the list order, and get one of the seats of the list where they received the most votes.
If more candidates are elected on a list than the list received seats, the candidate with the lowest total number of votes is transferred to the list where he had his second best result.
As a third step, the remaining seats if there are any are assigned to the remaining candidates, based on their order on the list. When candidates are elected on more than one list in this way, the candidate gets the seat on the list where he or she received the most votes.
This is continued until every seat is assigned. If one of these elected candidates later decides to leave parliament, then his seat is assigned to the next person on the list of the district he 'represents'.
An exception to the above exists in the form of lijstduwer "list pushers" , famous people former politicians, but also sports people who are put on the candidate list but will not accept a seat when they get enough votes for one.
During the municipal elections in professor Joop van Holsteyn criticised this practise, saying someone on a candidate list should also be a serious candidate.
This view is shared by other political scientists, but less so by politicians, who say that lijstduwers are on the list not to get elected but to show that they support that party and that the fact that they are at the bottom of the list makes it obvious they are not intended to get a seat.
Still, writer Ronald Giphart and skater Hilbert van der Duim got a municipal council seat, which Giphart refused to fill. Professor Rudy Andeweg says this is close to fraud because the law requires someone on the candidate list to declare in writing to be willing to fill a seat.
An example from the municipality of Oude IJsselstreek. The city council elections of resulted a total of 17, valid votes.
The CDA party achieved 4, votes. Of the thirty CDA candidates on the list, 22 were given at least one vote each: As the total number of votes in the municipality is 17, and the council has 27 seats, votes count for one seat.
As the CDA has 4, votes it is entitled to seven seats. First, it has to be checked who of the CDA candidates has more than a quarter of the kiesdeler.
This is true for the candidates number 1, 3, 5, 4, 2 and 14 in this order. Those six are elected. Second, the rest of the CDA seats one is given to the person first on the list.
As candidates number already have seats, this last seat goes to number 6. Since 1 July , most laws can be subjected to a consultative referendum after their approval, following a request by , people.
Before that date in principle, there was no permanent provision in law for a referendum. However, from until , there was a Temporary Referendum Law in place, which allowed for non-binding referendums, known in Dutch as Volksraadpleging "People's Consultation" , to be organised for laws already approved by the House of Representatives.
No referendum was called based on this law. In order to hold the referendum on the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe , a different law was temporarily put in place.
That referendum was the first national referendum in the Netherlands since referendum in Batavian Republic and it was the result of an initiative proposal by parliamentarians Farah Karimi GroenLinks , Niesco Dubbelboer Labour Party and Boris van der Ham Democrats Elections for the water boards have some similarities to other elections mentioned above, but also some distinctive differences.
Residents of 18 and over can vote and elections take place every four years. In contrast to other elections, not all members of the water board are chosen by the residents of the water board area.
The members of each water board are divided into four categories: Only board members in the inhabitants category are chosen in direct elections, the members in the other categories are appointed by representing organisations, e.
Since , residents vote in person, just like in other elections, and they take place every four years, on the same day as the provincial elections.
Before , votes were cast by post, over a period of about two weeks. The elections for the Island councils for the special municipalities of Bonaire , Sint Eustatius , and Saba take place at the same date as the provincial elections;  for the first time in The Senate is elected indirectly, by the provincial councillors who are themselves chosen in direct elections.
It is composed as follows:. The following tables show general election results and cabinets in the Netherlands since World War II. Per table, only parties that ever got seats over that period are listed the number of participating parties in general elections is usually around The numbers give the number of seats for each party.
The total number of seats in parliament is , so a coalition needs at least 76 seats for a majority. In each table, the parties are split in three groups; parties that have been in government, minor parties and extinct parties.
Within each group, the parties are grouped roughly according to the scheme left-wing — Christian — right-wing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Kingdom of the Netherlands. Charter Wet Algemene Bepalingen Human rights. Khadija Arib Current membership Historic composition Parliamentary committees.
Diplomatic missions of the Netherlands to the Netherlands. Referendums in the Netherlands. Dutch general election, Dutch Senate election, European Parliament election, Netherlands.
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